This is the VOA Special English Development Report, from http://voaspecialenglish.com | http://facebook.com/voalearningenglish The World Bank says most developing countries have made important progress toward the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals. In April, the international lender released its yearly World Development Indicators. Hundreds of indicators are used to measure progress in areas such as education, health, poverty, the environment and trade. One of the Millennium Development Goals is to reduce by half the number of people living in extreme poverty by twenty fifteen. Out of eighty-seven countries with data available, forty-nine seem likely to reach that goal. "Extreme poverty" is defined as earning less than one dollar a day. Another goal is to make education available to all young children. The report shows that in two thousand seven, seven out of ten children lived in developing countries that had met or were close to meeting that goal. Also, thirty-nine countries have achieved or are likely to achieve the goal of reducing child death rates. The target is a two-thirds reduction by twenty fifteen. And the report from the World Bank shows the first reduction in AIDS-related deaths. But even with all the progress, there is still a long way to go to reach all eight goals approved by world leaders ten years ago. This is especially true in sub-Saharan Africa, which falls behind on all of the goals. Eric Swanson is a program manager for the World Development Indicators. He said there was a decade or more of very slow economic progress in the nineteen nineties in Africa. There were civil wars and other disruptions. And there was poor governance in many countries that has not permitted the economy to grow and has not allowed poor people to share in the benefits of growth.Still, he points to some hopeful signs -- including a large reduction in the child death rate in Malawi. The World Bank also launched a new "open data initiative." The bank will make its data on living conditions around the world publicly available. Officials say this will make it easier to measure the effects of policies and develop new solutions to help the world's poor. And that's the VOA Special English Development Report. You can comment on our programs and learn about other development issues at voaspecialenglish.com. You can find transcripts, MP3s and podcasts. You can also follow us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and iTunes at VOA Learning English. (Adapted from a radio program broadcast 26Apr2010)
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