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The Four Pillars of Insurgency in Afghanistan

Complete video at: Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, Chairman of the Institute of State Effectiveness, outlines the four main drivers of the insurgency in Afghanistan. They include bad governance, drugs, sanctuary and Al-Qaeda. "This is not a national insurgency context," he says. "It is a regional and global set of conflicts that are interwoven together." ----- More than eight years after the UN authorized military action in Afghanistan, the 43-nation coalition intends to increase troop levels to provide fresh impetus to efforts to bring peace and stability to the country. What is needed from Afghanistan, the region and the international community to achieve success? - World Economic Forum Ashraf Ghani is chairman of the Institute for State Effectiveness, established in 2005 to promote the ability of states to serve their citizens. He is the former finance minister of Afghanistan and chancellor of Kabul University, and he served as a UN adviser to the process that led to the Bonn Agreement for Afghanistan in 2001. He became chief adviser to Afghan President Karzai during the interim administration and then served as finance minister for the duration of the transitional administration. He is credited with the design of Afghanistan's integrated political, economic, and security strategy between 2001 and 2005. He is a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, an initiative of the UN Development Program, and co-author of the forthcoming book The Framework: Fixing Failed States.
Length: 02:42


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