Learn to use the International Phonetic Alphabet to help you pronounce other languages. In this second lesson I introduce consonants and their features, including place of articulation, manner of articulation and voicing. -- Some places of articulation -- bilabial: upper lips against lower lips labiodental: upper teeth against lower lips dental: tongue against upper teeth alveolar: tongue against upper gums (alveolar ridge) postalveolar: tongue on slope between gums and roof of mouth palatal: tongue pointing towards roof of mouth (palate) velar: back of tongue against soft palate (velum) glottal: with vocal folds -- Some manners of articulation -- nasal: airflow diverted through nose stop (plosive): airflow momentarily cut off fricative: restricted airflow approximant: lightly restricted airflow -- Voicing -- voiced: vocal folds opening & closing fast while pronouncing consonant voiceless: vocal folds left open while pronouncing consonant Visit the IPA lesson page for much more: http://www.nativlang.com/linguistics/ipa-pronunciation-lessons.php These lessons are available as a polished workbook with more info & exercises: http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1453837086/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=1453837086&linkCode=as2&tag=nativlangu-20&l=as2&o=1&a=1453837086 http://www.lulu.com/content/paperback-book/the-ipa-for-language-learning/9262961 Music: Kevin MacLeod Image: lithograph plate 20 from the 1859 edition of Joseph Maclise's _Surgical Anatomy_
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