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Grammar of Romance - helping verbs in Vulgar Latin & the Romance languages

The next video in a series about the basic grammar of the Romance languages. This video runs through the basic helping verbs that have developed across the family. Feel free to pause and take the video at your own pace, especially if you're looking to read and compare all the examples. The particular focus here is on *abere "to have" and *essere "to be". These get used as helping verbs in many constructions, including perfect constructions like *as cantatu "you have sung" and passive constructions like *est scriptu "is written". The main (meaning-heavy) verb is found in a non-finite form when it's used with a helping verb. Non-finite forms include infinitives (*cantare "to sing"), past participles (*cantatu "sung") and gerunds (*cantandu "singing"). "The Grammar of Romance" has an associated website (free) and book ($). They both offer even more explanations and examples: http://www.nativlang.com/romance-languages/ http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1475246633/ref=as_li_ss_tl?ie=UTF8&tag=nativlangu-20 Music by Kevin MacLeod
Length: 08:00

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