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Basic English Grammar 02 -- Singular & plural nouns | English lesson | ESL | Spoken English

Basic English Grammar -- Chapter 02 -- Singular and Plural nouns Singular Noun Definition: When a noun means one only, it is said to be singular. Examples: boy, girl, book, church, box Plural Noun Definition: When a noun means more than one, it is said to be plural. Examples: boys, girls, books, churches Rule #1 The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding s to a singular noun. Example: lamp, lamps; cat, cats; fork, forks; flower, flowers; pen, pens Rule #2 Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding es. Example: moss, mosses buzz, buzzes box, boxes dish, dishes church, churches Special Note: If you add s to such nouns as fox, bush, and bench, you will find that you cannot pronounce them without making an additional syllable. This is why such nouns form the plural by adding es. Rule #3 Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing y to ies. Examples: lady, ladies; city, cities; army, armies Rule #4 Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding s. Example: boy, boys; day, days Rule #5 Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding es. Example: hero; heroes; grotto, grottoes Rule #6 Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to ves. Example: beef, beeves; wife, wives How to speak fluent English with correct grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, phrases and accent, training video to learn basic English grammar. Grammar, English lesson, English speaking, spoken English, business English, ESL, TOEFL, accent training, personality development, communication skills, nouns, singular, plural, learn English, English online free, vocabulary, phrases, speak fluent english
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