Diamond Detectors for CERN
A video by Auckland University NZ regarding the study of using diamonds for radiation detection for the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid) at CERN. Full article and more videos- http://www.eequalsmcsquared.auckland.ac.nz/sites/emc2/videos/cool-kiwi-science.cfm 'The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is under construction at the Centre and Particle and Nuclear Physics (CERN) in Geneva Switzerland. This colossal particle accelerator - 27 kilometers in circumference - is scheduled to produce it's first proton beams in 2007. The LHC will be the most powerful accelerator in the world. Large-scale experiments, such as the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) with over 2,000 participating physicists and engineers, are required to detect and analyze the debris of sub-atomic particles that will be produced when the two LHC proton beams undergo head-on collisions. Such collisions will generate a very harsh radiation environment around the collision point, so a radiation monitoring system must be developed. The system is called the Beam Conditions Monitor (BCM) and will consist of a number of small radiation detectors constructed of Chemical Vapour Deposited (CVD) diamond. Diamond is a novel material for a radiation detector. Diamond was selected for use because it is relatively immune from radiation damage and it requires no cooling elements other than air to operate. At Auckland we are examining the unique properties of diamond detectors that will protect the CMS experiment should the proton beams go astray.'