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Busó festivities at Mohács: masked end-of-winter carnival custom

UNESCO: Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity - 2009 URL: Description: The Bus? festivities at Moh?cs in southern Hungary are a six-day carnival in late February to mark the end of winter, named for the ''bus?s,'' frightening-looking costumed people (traditionally men) wearing wooden masks and big woolly cloaks. The festival is multifaceted, including a childrens costume contest, a display of the art of mask carvers and other craftspeople, the arrival of more than 500 bus?s in rowboats on the Danube for a march through the city alongside horse-drawn or motorized fantasy vehicles, the burning of a coffin symbolizing winter on a bonfire in the central square, and feasts and music throughout the city. The tradition originated with the Croatian minority in Moh?cs, but today the bus? is a general emblem of the city and a commemoration of the great events of its history. More than a social event, the carnival is an expression of belonging to a city, a social group and a nation. It plays an important social role by offering a chance for self-expression in a communal setting. The arts underlying the festivities are preserved by self-organized groups of bus?s of all cultural backgrounds, many of whom pass on the techniques of mask carving and ritual celebration to younger generations. Country(ies): Hungary ? 2008 by European Folklore Institute
Length: 09:50


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