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3.5.3 Describe the genetic code in terms of codons composed of triplets of bases

3.5.3 Describe the genetic code in terms of codons composed of triplets of basesA piece of mRNA transcribed from DNA represents a complimentary copy of one gene of a piece of DNA. The genetic code is written in a language of three bases or triplets, and each one of these triplets codes for an amino acid. When found on mRNA these triplets are known as codons, each made up of 3 RNA nucleotides. Therefore one codon codes for one amino acid.Triplet (DNA)Codon (mRNA)One Amino acidAs each codon is made of 3 RNA nucleotides, if given a number of codons in a question, multiply by 3 to get the number of RNA nucleotides (or bases if the question asks)As 3 RNA nucleotides collectively form one codon, if given a number of nucleotides (or bases if the question asks), divide by 3 to get the number of codons.
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