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Learn Guitar: Parts of the Electric Guitar

Check out Bas Rutten's Liver Shot on MMA Surge: http://bit.ly/MMASurgeEp1 If you'll be learning on an electric guitar, it's important to know the various parts. They're relatively the same as?an acoustic guitar but with a few differences. Let's start at the top and work down. Head (Headstock):?At the end of the guitar neck is the headstock. It's fitted with tuners or machine heads that adjust the tension of the strings, which changes the pitch of the guitar. Tuners (Machine Heads):?These metal pegs are used to tune the guitar by adjusting the tension of the guitar strings to raise or lower their pitch depending on whether you turn them clockwise or counterclockwise. There a six of them—three on top and three on bottom—which correspond to the six guitar strings. Nut:?The nut is the thin white piece that separates the neck from the headstock. It separates each guitar string going down the neck so that they are evenly spaced out in order to be played. Neck:?The guitar neck is the long wooden shaft that tapers down to the headstock. Each string runs along this extension, and depending on where your fingers are placed on each string up and down the neck, you make different tones that are reflected by the pickups.? Fretboard:?The front part of the neck is called the fretboard because that is where the guitar frets are located. The silver dots on the fretboard are called inlays and help differentiate some of the frets. Frets:? Frets are the thin metal pieces on the fretboard that run perpendicular to the guitar neck, and act as "tone separators" for the guitar. They separate the guitar neck into semitones or half steps making the guitar neck act as a grid from which you play musical tones. Body: The body of the electric guitar is what gives the instrument its sound and beauty. It's typically solid on electric guitars and varies greatly in shape, size, color and material. Pickguard:?Over time, strumming with a pick can do some wear and tear. That's why the pickguard is there to protect the guitar's body from dings and scratches.Pickups: While acoustics use sound holes to release sound, electrics use pickups. Pickups are small microphones, or transducers, that pick up the vibrations from each string and convert them into electrical signals. Volume Knob:?This knob adjusts the amount of power you are giving the pickups, ultimately adjusting how loud or quiet your guitar is. Tone Knobs:?These knobs adjust precisely how the pickups sound (treble and bass). Depending on which way you turn them, your guitar may sound bright and tinny or dark and muffled. Pickup Selector (Toggle Switch): This switch triggers which pickups are going to be used to make the sound of the strings. The number of pickups can vary depending on which guitar you have, so you may have anywhere from a five-setting toggle switch or no switch at all. Flipping the switch up selects the neck pickup, and in the down position, the bridge pickup is selected. Leaving it in the middle selects both. Bridge:?The bridge of the guitar holds the guitar strings firmly on the body so that they do not lose tension and therefore change pitch. When a string is plucked, vibrations run from the bridge all the way down the neck to the nut. Each string on the electric guitar is assigned to its own metal spring piece on the bridge called a saddle. These saddles can be adjusted to slightly alter the tension of each string therefore changing the string's intonation. Output Jack:?The output jack is where you insert the power cable that connects to your amplifier. This jack is how the electronic signals from the pickups travel out of the guitar, through an amplifier and into your ears. Strap Button:?There are two strap buttons on an electric guitar: one at the top of the body and one at the base. These are there to hold your guitar strap in place when you're using one to stand and play guitar at the same time. Read more by visiting our page at: http://www.mahalo.com/courses/beginner-guitar-course/get-to-know-your-guitar/parts-of-the-electric-guitar/
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