### Area of Segment of a Circle

Check us out at http://www.tutorvista.com//videos. A circular sector or circle sector, is the portion of a circle enclosed by two radii and an arc, where the smaller area is known as the minor sector and the larger being the major sector. Its area can be calculated as described below. Let θ be the central angle, in radians, and r the radius. The total area of a circle is πr2. The area of the sector can be obtained by multiplying the circle's area by the ratio of the angle and 2π (because the area of the sector is proportional to the angle, and 2π is the angle for the whole circle): Also, if θ refers to the central angle in degrees, a similar formula can be derived. A sector with the central angle of 180° is called a semicircle. Sectors with other central angles are sometimes given special names, these include quadrants (90°), sextants (60°) and octants (45°). The length, L, of the arc of a sector is given by the following formula: where θ is in degrees. The length of the perimeter of a sector is sum of arc length and the two radii. It is given by the following formula: where θ is in degrees. The angle formed by connecting the endpoints of the sector to any point on the circle that is not in that sector is equal to half the arc length

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