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Start of Agriculture

Start of Agriculture - World History Standard Era 1 - Early Humans - 2B - How agricultural societies developed around the world. Early communities started protecting food plants from • Weeds • Drought • Birds Eventually they put edible plant seeds in the ground Finally, they started to choose the seeds they planted from individual plants. • Bigger • Tastier • More nutritious They learned how to control and change the reproduction of the plants. Domestication! Fertile Crescent • Wheat • Barley • Rye • Sheep • Goats • Cattle • Pigs Decreased animals and plants they don't want • Weeds • Wolves Co-Dependency Eventually, humans began to rely on the plants and animals they raised And the plants and animals relied on the humans For example, Modern day corn, can't grow without humans planting it The advantage, humans could grow food predictably, and even have more than they need (surplus) Disadvantage • People had to huddle together in a crowded village • work long hours • Couldn't go back to foraging even if you wanted to Crowded villages caused more problems • Diseases • producing waste and rubbish First Cities Where did these crowded villages and the first cities start? We'll learn that next week!
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