21. African-American Criticism
Introduction to Theory of Literature (ENGL 300) In this lecture, Professor Paul Fry examines trends in African-American criticism through the lens of Henry Louis Gates, Jr. and Toni Morrison. A brief history of African-American literature and criticism is undertaken, and the relationship of both to feminist theory is explicated. The problems in cultural and identity studies of essentialism, "the identity queue," expropriation, and biology are surveyed, with particular attention paid to the work of Michael Cooke and Morrison's reading of Huckleberry Finn. At the lecture's conclusion, the tense relationship between African-American studies and New Critical assumptions are explored with reference to Robert Penn Warren's poem, "Pondy Woods." 00:00 - Chapter 1. Origins of African-American Literary Criticism 03:16 - Chapter 2. Henry Louis Gates and the Problem of Essentialism 12:13 - Chapter 3. The Problem of the "Identity Cue" 15:15 - Chapter 4. Tony Morrison and African-American Identity 22:01 - Chapter 5. Morrison's Reading of Huckleberry Finn 25:17 - Chapter 6. Gates and the Community of African-American Critics 36:44 - Chapter 7. Expropriation Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.