8. Semiotics and Structuralism
Introduction to Theory of Literature (ENGL 300) In this lecture, Professor Paul Fry explores the semiotics movement through the work of its founding theorist, Ferdinand de Saussure. The relationship of semiotics to hermeneutics, New Criticism, and Russian formalism is considered. Key semiotic binaries--such as langue and parole, signifier and signified, and synchrony and diachrony--are explored. Considerable time is spent applying semiotics theory to the example of a "red light" in a variety of semiotic contexts. 00:00 - Chapter 1. What is Semiology? 08:34 - Chapter 2. "Langue" and "Parole," "Signified" and "Signifier" 27:08 - Chapter 3. Positive and Negative Knowledge: Arbitrary and Differential 33:11 - Chapter 4. Example: the Red Stoplight 45:55 - Chapter 5. Synchrony and Diachrony Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Spring 2009.