France Since 1871 (HIST 276) French culture is threatened both by European Unification and the rise of xenophobia within France itself. The defeat of the referendum on the European Constitution testified to the dissatisfaction of many people in rural France with the economic realities of the new international community. Racist policies targeting residents of France's poor suburbs threaten the national ideal of liberty, equality, and fraternity. These problems remain to be resolved if France is to preserve its unique identity. 00:00 - Chapter 1. Preserving the Character of France: The European Union and the Threat of Homogeneity 06:42 - Chapter 2. Economic Problems of European Unification: Euro Inflation and Labor Competition from the East 15:28 - Chapter 3. The Problem of the Parisian Suburbs: The Riots of 2005 and Continuing Violence 26:09 - Chapter 4. Immigrant Populations, Suburban Violence, and Failure of Government Response 33:42 - Chapter 5. No Direction, No Opportunity, No Hope Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses This course was recorded in Fall 2007.