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Bass Guitar Lesson: Understanding Intervals

Watch more How to Play Bass Guitar videos: Subscribe to Howcast's YouTube Channel - Learn how to understand intervals in this bass guitar lesson from Howcast. Howcast uploads the highest quality how-to videos daily! Be sure to check out our playlists for guides that interest you: Subscribe to Howcast's other YouTube Channels: Howcast Health Channel - Howcast Video Games Channel - Howcast Tech Channel - Howcast Food Channel - Howcast Arts & Recreation Channel - Howcast Sports & Fitness Channel - Howcast Personal Care & Style Channel - Howcast empowers people with engaging, useful how-to information wherever, whenever they need to know how. Emphasizing high-quality instructional videos, Howcast brings you experts who provide accurate information in easy-to-follow tutorials on everything from makeup, hairstyling, nail art design, and soccer to parkour, skateboarding, dancing, kissing, and much, much more. Now let's talk about intervals and what that means in music. An interval is the amount of space between one note and the next. Starting on any root note, we can talk about the space between each of the notes that can be related to. We're going use A as our reference point to talk about all the other notes and their relationship to A. The interval between A and B Flat is up a half step. Up a half step on a bass guitar translates it to being one fret higher. In the same case, the A Flat right next to it, that's at the 4th fret on the E string is one half step lower. So an interval can go up or down. if we talk about intervals going up, we have half step up one fret away, we have whole step up which means we skip one fret. In this example, B is a whole step away from A. When we talk about skipping two notes it becomes a minor third. That in this case is C. In this example A to C sharp is a major third. You can also think that as being two whole steps. You play a note, skip one, is a whole step, skip another is two whole steps. We refer to a 4th, A, B, C gets us a D and we refer to that as a perfect 4. A half step above a perfect 4 is the Triton, the triton is the 5th in a diminished tri head. This is the note we would use in our root 5th relationship. The next note above that would be F and we would refer to that as a minor 6th above A. We can think about that as one half step above the 5th. Then we can talk abut out major 6th. A to F Sharp is up a major 6th. The last two are both 7ths. We have A to G, G is a minor 7th above A, it's the 7th in a A minor 7th chord and G sharp is a major 7th above A. But if we're going down, it's also only a half step below the next A. So intervals work in both directions and we always want to refer to them as an interval ascending or descending or an interval going up or an interval going down.
Length: 02:40


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