Does bullying cause emotional/learning problems later in life?

Answers

Amy Roter, Anti-Bullying Specialist, MA in Teaching English, Parent of 2, Soon-to-be Counselor

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Bullying can cause emotional or educational problems later and life, and not just for the person being bullied, but others as well. In regards to the person being bullied, the bullying may impact a victim's confidence and self esteem. This is why counseling is often offered to victims of bullying, and why most states have strict bullying procedures in place. In addition, since bullying often occurs with peers who go to school with the victim, the stress placed in the school environment can absolutely impact a child's ability to feel safe enough in school to get the education he needs. Victims of bullying will, in some cases actually refuse to go to school at all. As a result, a child might be missing out on the educational foundation needed to succeed. In addition to the victim, there are negative outcomes for the person who is acting as a bully, and those who witness bullying as well. See http://www.stopbullying.gov/at-risk/effects/ for more information about the effects of bullying.

Molly Pennington, PhD, PhD, Former Professor, Writer

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Bullying has long term disastrous effects for victims--and it effects perpetrators and witnesses negatively as well.

Despite the fact that all states have anti-bullying laws in place, school policies vary widely. Experts agree that policies with specific language about which students are protected and what behaviors are prohibited are the most effective. Many policies also have problems with vagaries around accountability and reportage. There is also a lack of required training and education for staff around bullying. Bullying can be extremely harmful with long-term effects. Bullied students have academic problems that increase as bullying continues. Their GPAs are lower, and they also exhibit a wide-range of emotional issues that can lead to homelessness, and for LGBT youth, suicide.

Even though the effects of bullying are well-documented, many schools, most schools, do not do enough to make sure that problems are alleviated.

Of course, bullying creates environments of terror and oppression for its victims, but it also has profound effects on the larger environment. Studies have found that in around half of cases teachers don't intervene. Then there are the effects on bullies themselves, who often may be suffering from a range of problems. As counter-intuitive as it may seem, they may need help to.

Finally, bullying in schools does have a relationship to the bullying that occurs in our larger culture. When our systems of government and law contain institutionalized oppression and discrimination such as racism, sexism and others, then culture itself is a culprit in need of wide overhaul.

If you are being bullied, find allies. If you witness bullying, speak up. Never consider the problem fixed or "over." Try to work toward a larger culture that invests in equality for all and that strongly enforces civil rights law.

Nicole Eredics, Educator, Inclusion Specialist, Writer, Podcaster & Parent

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In addition to the emotional issues that Amy mentioned, bullying can have a serious impact on a student's ability to learn. Aside from missing school days to avoid bullies, students can under-perform as a result of their negative self-image. In addition, they can become distracted, anxious or lose focus during entire lessons. It can be hard to a student to learn a new math concept when they are worried about walking home from school. Finally, if bullying is a school-wide problem, then teachers may end of spending the majority of the day managing student behavior rather than delivering quality instruction. For these reasons, and more, it is important to prevent and/or address bullying.

Sen Perfect, Сonsequences of bullying

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Among the psychological illnesses or social problems that may suffer victims include:

  • Depression. Victims who suffer in solitude can end up being victims of depression. This causes them to feel sad continuously and isolated. The change of hormones in your body makes your life lose meaning. They are discouraged and do not want to do things. Also, being children, they can be irritable. Parents may also feel frustrated at not understanding what is happening to their child. It is important to have some guidelines to know how to care for a child with depression. A lot of information you can find on different essay writing website.

  • Anxiety. The worries are constant "will they invent something new about me? Will they hit me tomorrow? Will they laugh again? " They are usually accompanied by problems of concentration. In addition, the child before going to school can suffer tachycardia, gastrointestinal problems.

  • Suicide. Permanent, constant and lasting school bullying can become a "breeding ground", a source of devastating stress for the mental experience of some children who do not have the cognitive capacity to cope. "I can not stand going to school anymore." For fear of going and suffer more aggressions, they end up committing suicide. Although this, it is the most serious and least frequent case.

  • Substance abuse. When bullying develops in adolescence, children can begin to consume substances such as tobacco, alcohol and other drugs to feel relieved. It is a way to escape from the psychological problems they have. In adulthood, they can be consumed in addicts.

  • Frequent illnesses As their defenses are low, due to sadness, diseases can be frequent. Whether it is a constipation or a stomachache, children with bullying are more likely to have medical problems.

  • Sleep disorders. Generally, childhood insomnia is accompanied by concerns. They think all night about what may happen to them and may experience problems of soundlessness.

  • Feeding problems. There can be three types of possible eating disorders. In boys, obesity is usually generated. They generate anxiety to eat to alleviate their anguish. They begin to become more antisocial. Girls often suffer from eating disorders such as anorexia and bulimia. Many times they think that they mess with them because of a weight problem and they want to be accepted by their physique. Thus, some stop eating and others, eat eagerly and then provoke vomiting. It is important to know some measures to prevent eating disorders.

  • Hate. These children experience a change of emotions inside them. When they are rejected in this way by loved ones, their companions, they begin to fecundate an internal hatred towards everything that surrounds them.

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