Brian Monetti, Science is Awesome!
Many people associate the Scientific Revolution with advances in astronomy, with advancements in the understanding of the universe coming from Copernicus, Galileo, Brahe, and others. However, there were amazing advancements in medicine as well! One of the main thought leaders was Andreas Vesalius, who is often referred to as the 'father of anatomy' because of his publication of 'On the Structure of the Human Body' in 1543. Vesalius was one of the first scientists to utilize dissections of human bodies, and because of this he was able to discover that the heart was the organ to pump blood, as well as being the first to fully describe the skeleton as the structure which is the frame of the human body. Another important medical scientist was William Harvey, who was the first to describe the circulation of blood in the body.
The works of these two scientists greatly advanced medical understanding during the Scientific Revolution. I would argue, though, that the most important advancement to medicine which stemmed from the Scientific Revolution was the introduction of the scientific method, which is the process of investigation, acquiring knowledge through testing and experiments, and correcting earlier ideas based on results. Rene Descartes is often credited with formalizing the scientific method in 1637. This methodology was later utilized by nearly all scientists in fields ranging from medicine to rocket science. The scientific method was utilized in the cures of diseases, discoveries of new surgeries, and thousands of other medical advancements. It is arguably the most important discovery or idea to come from the Scientific Revolution, and greatly impacted medicine as well as other fields. You can learn more about it here: https://www.noodle.com/learn/details/61249/the-scientific-method
Hope this helps!